Warfield, Infallibility, and the Westminster Confession

Main Article Content

Jared Hood
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8887-5148

Abstract

To what degree is A. A. Hodge’s and especially B. B. Warfield’s understanding of inerrancy consistent with the Westminster Confession? Does their emphasising of truthfulness as a dominating quality of Scripture correlate with the Confession’s perspective? Is their concept of the unerring ancient texts present in the Confession? Did they retreat from what the Confession says about the purity of the extant original-language copies of Scripture? It is argued that the answer to all three questions is broadly in the affirmative, with appropriate qualifications.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hood, Jared. “Warfield, Infallibility, and the Westminster Confession”. Reformed Theological Review 80, no. 1 (April 1, 2021): 49–75. Accessed August 2, 2021. https://rtrjournal.org/index.php/RTR/article/view/285.

References

Decrees of the First Vatican Council, Session 4 (18 July 1870), https://www.papalencyclicals.net/councils/ecum20.htm, accessed 30 March 2021.

Ames, William, The Marrow of Theology (London: Henry Overton, 1639).

Bruce, A. B., ‘Introduction’, Inspiration and Inerrancy (London: James Clarke and Co., 1891), 1-36.

Cannata, Raymond D., ‘Warfield and Doctrine of Scripture’, B. B. Warfield: Essays on His Life and Thought, ed. Gary L. W. Johnson (Phillipsburg: P&R, 2007), 92–107.

De Witt, John R., ‘The Divine Spiration of Scripture: A Review Article’, The Banner of Truth 537 (June 2008), 21-32.

Helm, Paul, ‘B. B. Warfield's Path to Inerrancy: An Attempt to Correct Some Serious Misunderstandings’, WTJ 72, no. 1 (2010), 23–42.

Helseth, Paul Kjoss, ‘A “Rather Bald” Rationalist? The Appeal to “Right Reason”’, B. B. Warfield: Essays on His Life and Thought, ed. Gary L. W. Johnson (Phillipsburg: P&R, 2007),

Hodge, Archibald Alexander, Commentary on the Confession of Faith (Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1869).

Hodge, Archibald Alexander and Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield, ‘Inspiration’, The Presbyterian Review 2, no. 6 (April 1881), http://www.bible-researcher.com/warfield4.html, accessed 30 March 2021.

Holifield, E. Brooks, Theology in America: Christian Thought from the Age of the Puritans to the Civil War (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).

Letis, Theodore P., ‘The Protestant Dogmaticians and the Late Princeton School on the Status of the Sacred Apographa’, SBET 8, no. 1 (1990), 16–42.

Lilliback, Peter A. and Richard B. Gaffin, Thy Word Is Still Truth: Essential Writings on the Doctrine of Scripture from the Reformation to Today (Phillipsburg: P&R, 2013).

Lindsay, Thomas M., ‘The Doctrine of Scripture: The Reformers and the Princeton School’, ExpTim 1 (1895), 278–293.

McGowan, Andrew T. B., The Divine Spiration of Scripture: Challenging Evangelical Perspectives (Nottingham: Apollos, 2007).

Mitchell (ed.), A. F., Minutes of the Westminster Assembly (1644–49) (Edmonton: Still Waters Revival, 1991).

Muller, Richard A., Post Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, Vol. 2: Holy Scripture (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 1993).

Owen, John, ‘Of the Integrity and Purity of the Hebrew and Greek Texts of Scripture’, The Works of John Owen (London: Richard Baynes, 1826).

Ridderbos, Herman N., Studies in Scripture and Its Authority (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978).

Rogers, Jack B. and Donald K. Mckim, The Authority and Interpretation of the Bible: An Historical Approach (New York: Harper & Row, 1979).

Sandeen, Ernest R., The Roots of Fundamentalism: British and American Millenarianism, 1800–1930 (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1970).

Simpson, D. P., Cassell's Latin-English English-Latin Dictionary, 5th edn (London: Cassell, 1984).

Smith, David P., B. B. Warfield's Scientifically Constructive Theological Scholarship (Eugene: Pickwick, 2011).

Turretin, Francis, Institutes of Elenctic Theology, Ed. James T. Dennison Jr., trans. George Musgrave Giger, vol. 1 (Phillipsburg: P&R, 1994).

Van Dixhoorn (ed.), Chad, The Minutes and Papers of the Westminster Assembly 1643–1653, 5 vols (Oxford: OUP, 2012). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oseo/instance.00037975

Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, ‘The Inerrancy of the Original Autographs’, Selected Shorter Writings of Benjamin Warfield, ed. John E. Meeter, vol. 2 (Nutley, NJ: P&R, 1973 [1893]).

Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, ‘Inspiration and Criticism’, Revelation and Inspiration (New York: OUP, 1927).

Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, An Introduction to Textual Criticism of the New Testament (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1889 [1887]).

Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, The Westminster Assembly and Its Work (Edmonton: Still Waters Revival, 1991).

Warfield, Benjamin Breckinridge, ‘The Westminster Doctrine of Holy Scripture’, Selected Shorter Writings of Benjamin Warfield, ed. John E. Meeter, vol. 2 (Phillipsburg: P&R, 1973 [1891]).

Williams, Michael D., ‘The Church, a Pillar of Truth: B. B. Warfield’s Church Doctrine of Inspiration’, Did God Really Say? Affirming the Truthfulness and Trustworthiness of Scripture, ed. David B. Garner (Phillipsburg: P&R, 2012), 23–48.

Zaspel, Fred G., The Theology of B. B. Warfield: A Systematic Summary (Wheaton: Crossway, 2010).